The European Community

European Decisions

DUTCH PRESIDENCY

THE COUNCIL OF MINISTERS 16.12.91

The decision of the Council of Ministers of the «12» in Brussels stipulates that if the Republic of Skopje wishes to be recognized it will have:

«To commit itself, prior to recognition, to adopt constitution al and political guarantees ensuring that:

a) It has no territorial claims towards a neighboring community state.

b) It will conduct no hostile propaganda activities versus a neighboring community state including the use of a denomination which implies territorial claims».


PORTUGUESE PRESIDENCY

EC FOREIGN MINISTERS 1-2.05.92

At the informal meeting of the EC Foreign Ministers at Guimaraes in Portugal the following statement was issued:

«The European community and its member states , gathered in an informal ministerial meeting at Guimaraes on 1st and 2nd of May 1992, had an in depth discussion on the request of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia to be recognized as an independent state.

They decided to recognize the republic of Skopje, within its existing borders, as a sovereign and independent state.

They expressed their high appreciation for the efforts of the presidency, which included the preparation of a global package. The community and its member states look forward to establishing with the authorities of Skopje a fruitful cooperative relationship aimed at the promotion of meaningful cooperation capable of improving political stability and economic progress in the area. Simultaneously, they urge the parties direct))' involved to continue to do their utmost to resolve the pending questions on the basis of the presidency's package».

26-27.06.92

PORTUGUESE PRESIDENCY

EC SUMMIT MEETING

At the Summit meeting of the European Council in Lisbon the following statement was issued:

«The European Council reiterates the position taken by the Community and its members in Guimaraes on the request of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia to be recognized as an independent State. It expresses its readiness to recognize that republic within its existing borders according to their Declaration on 16 December 1991 under a name which does not include the term Macedonia. It furthermore considers the borders of this republic as inviolable and guaranteed in accordance with the principles of the UN Charter and the Charter of Paris».

British EC Presidency

18.7.92  DOUGLAS HURD

In his capacity as President of the European Council Mr. Douglas Hurd, the British Foreign Minister, visited Skopje to discuss the matter of recognition. At a Press Conference, he had this to say:

"The name was not the only subject which I have discussed with Minister Malevski and with President Gligorov concerning the decision by the Lisbon European Council on recognition. You know what this is: It is that the European Council decided its readiness to recognize this republic within its existing borders and the unresolved matter is the question of names. I come here on the basis of that Lisbon decision and I have explained the background of it, the reasoning behind it~ to the President and to the Government. And as a Foreign Minister under the European Council of Heads of States and Governments, I stand by that...

I come here as the President of the Council of Ministers, and I come here a few weeks after a decision by the European Council on this point. It is not a question of law it is a question on what basis we do what we want to do, which is recognize this country and help it. when you belong to a Community you try to take account of real anxieties on the part of any member. This is how the Community functions on all occasions.

15.10.92 Athens News Agency (ANA) reports from London:

British Foreign Secretary Douglas Hurd reiterated Britain's insistence to stick to the Lisbon summit decision during a 40 -minute meeting with Skopje President Kiro Gligorov.

Mr. Hurd told Mr. Gligorov that the recent dispatch of British envoy Robin 0' Neil to Skopje and Athens had been within the framework of the EC's June 27 decision not to recognize Skopje under the name "Macedonia", a Foreign Office spokesman told reporters.

15.10.92 Athens News Agency (ANA) reports from London:

British Foreign Secretary Douglas Hurd reiterated Britain's insistence to stick to the Lisbon summit decision during a 40 -minute meeting with Skopje President Kiro Gligorov.

Mr. Hurd told Mr. Gligorov that the recent dispatch of British envoy Robin 0' N~ to Skopje and Athens had been within the framework of the EC's June 27 decision not to recognize Skopje under the name «Macedonia», a Foreign Office spokesman told reporters.

28.10.92 Replying to questions by members of the European Parliament Mr. Hurd declared:

Could I just~ on a very particular point~ comment on the observations of the two Greek Members of this Parliament - who talked about Macedonia. I would like to say to them very seriously on behalf of the presidency that we have taken very seriously the Lisbon conclusions on this matter. That is distinct from the question of help for people in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Nobody - certainly not the Greek Government, certainly not the European Commission - wishes to deny that help. There has been complicated but now I hope successfully resolved discussion, particularly between the Commission and the Greek Government, about oil supplies. That is a question of help. Recognition is governed by the Lisbon conclusions. We have worked hard to make those conclusions a reality. Everybody who studied this matter knows the difficulties. They are real difficulties and there is in the Community a growing anxiety on this matter. In order to achieve a result which is acceptable to all, there has to be further discussion and that is why J asked Ambassador 0' Neill, Member of the British Foreign Service, to act as my representative in fielding these discussions, in listening to these points of view and trying to work towards a solution. He is continuing that work and I would urge all those, whether in former Yugoslavia, whether in Greece, whether friends of Greece or former Yugoslavia, who have any influence in this matter, to help us find an answer which is acceptable and which can be operated. We are bound by the Lisbon conclusions. Let us find ways if? which they can be operated.